Client: Eesti Kutseliste Mesinike Ühing

Period: 2020

In this analysis we give a detailed overview of honey production statistics formation and honey consumption in Estonian households which will be published by Statistics Estonia. For the evaluation of honey production Statistics Estonia combines: Veterinary and Food Board compiled data collected by manufacturers about the quantity of honey handled, data of the number of beehives registered in The Agricultural Registers and Information Board (ARIB), data of household production obtained from the survey. Since the evaluation of total output consists of several prerequisites, we wish to publish, among other things, the regularly collected data used for the basis of total output. This would make output data more transparent to users.

We analyzed the production and purchasing of honey for oneself from the data of Statistics Estonia household budget (LEU) study and Estonian social study (ESU) survey.

6000-10 000 Estonian households produced honey for themselves. On average, 11-13 kg of honey a year is produced for oneself. This makes up of 8-16% (circa 100 tonnes) of all Estonian honey output. A household that produces honey for itself gives free honey to a bit more than one other household. Others are given less honey than is produced for one’s own family.

5-6% of households buy honey every two weeks. In total, 780 000–910 000 purchases are made in a year and 600-1300 tonnes of honey is purchased. The analysis of the survey data does not show a growth trend of Estonian people’s honey purchases since 2010. At the same time, the production statistics of Statistics Estonia show a significant growth trend from 681 tonnes to 1288 tonnes in 2019. However, since the confidence limits of evaluations found with survey data are very wide, this trend’s existence cannot be excluded.

The honey production and consumption in Estonia by resident is quite a lot compared to other countries. The average estimated consumption in Estonia by person is 1,15 kg and by production is 0,88 kg. Those figures are 0,51 and 0,55 kg in other countries.

The study was commissioned by EESTI KUTSELISTE MESINIKE ÜHING and funded by EESTI MESINDUSPROGRAMM 2020-2022.