Drop-out rates is a topical subject in Estonia and the rest of the world – failing to finish a course makes a drop-out less competitive in the labour market and is costly to the country as a whole. The courses in Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are no exception to that. Out of all the bachelor students who started in ICT 5 years ago nearly 60% had discontinued their studies by 2015. It was necessary to find out why students discontinue their studies and what could be done to reduce drop-out rates.
Crimes of violence impose several costs on society, victim, and offender’s family. The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of the costs associated with crimes of violence for Estonian society. The study focuses on three types of crime: manslaughter, rape and robbery.
Analysis often concentrate on the “average people” and “average results” but what about high- and low-achievers? This study looks at people with different levels of basic skills and their situation in the society based on the OECD Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) data.
Information processing skills are essential for coping in today’s society. But what part do basic skills play on the labour market? We tried to find out by analysing PIAAC (Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies) data.
The assessment of future labour demand constitutes an important part of planning in the education system. The existing forecast methods that cover the whole economy are often said to result in data that is too aggregated. This method has been developed as a tool for the Estonian Qualifications Authority to refine the forecast produced by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications.
Previous research has shown that school education can be beneficial for both the individual and the society for different reasons. Therefore adults who wish to continue their studies should be supported as much as possible. The present study focused on how to better support adults in Estonia who wish to or have returned to secondary education.
There is general consensus that crime prevention is most effective when planned and delivered locally, as local communities understand best the problems and needs of community and therefore can deliver targeted and effective response. This study was to analyse the current situation of crime prevention at the local level, focusing particularly on youth crime prevention.
Pay and income statistics frequently come under public criticism, often when the published statistics diverge from people’s knowledge of their own income and that of people in their social circles. This is also true of pay in the health care sector: on the one hand, health care professionals, in particular doctors, are perceived by some.
The key to promoting lifelong learning is to overcome different barriers like low awareness, negative attitude towards learning and restricted economic opportunities. The purpose of this overview was to compare national support measures to help people overcome these barriers. With this aim in mind a typology of measures was compiled and a questionnaire was sent out to map international implementation practices. As a result we present comparative tables that help to identify the differences in implementation of similar measures. This study was commissioned by the Ministry of Education and Research under the programme “Adult job-related training and developmental activities“ and financed by the European Social Fund.
The new Employment Contract Act was adopted on 17. December 2008 and came into force six months later, on 1 July 2009. The Act aims at increasing flexicurity in employment relations, which would allow both employers and employees to agree on terms that would best fit the needs of both parties, while ensuring the protection of interests of the parties. Good legislative practices necessitate that follow-up policy analysis must be carried out to assess the implementation and impact of the act.